Fixing the mirrors: A feasibility study of the effects of dance movement therapy on young adults with autism spectrum disorder. Sabine C Koch, Laura Mehl, Esther Sobanski, Maik Sieber, Thomas Fuchs. (2014). Autism . 02/2014 (E-pub ahead of print).
ABSTRACT: “From the 1970s on, case studies reported the effectiveness of therapeutic mirroring in movement with children with autism spectrum disorder. In this feasibility study, we tested a dance movement therapy intervention based on mirroring in movement in a population of 31 young adults with autism spectrum disorder (mainly high-functioning and Asperger’s syndrome) with the aim to increase body awareness, social skills, self-other distinction, empathy, and well-being. […] After the treatment, participants in the intervention group reported improved well-being, improved body awareness, improved self-other distinction, and increased social skills. The dance movement therapy-based mirroring approach seemed to address more primary developmental aspects of autism than the presently prevailing theory-of-mind approach. Results suggest that dance movement therapy can be an effective and feasible therapy approach for autism spectrum disorder, while future randomized control trials with bigger samples are needed.”
“Keywords: autism spectrum disorder, embodiment, dance movement therapy, mirroring, clinical controlled trial, treatment manual, intersubjectivity, social competence, empathy, well-being, self-other distinction, body awareness”